Wednesday, November 9, 2016

Lubaczow Business directory 1929, K - N

KALCHINSON B. Cukierki - fabr. Sugar Plant
KARTYGANER D. Rozne towary General store
                 Dawid KARTIGANER was married to Fradel KELCZ.
                 This couple and four of their children (Samuel, Zelda, Chaskel and Meszel)
                 are listed on Pages of  Testimony.
KATZ   Blawaty Fabrics
KATZ B. Opal Fuel for heating
                  Ber / Berl KATZ?
KATZ   Tartaki Sawmill
KATZ D. Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
KELCZ M. Olejarnio Oils
                 Menachem Mendel KELCZ, listed on Page of Testimony?
KESSLER S. Rozne towary General store
KESSLER E. Shory Leather
                   According to a Page of Testimony, Ezriel KESSLER had a shop for leather.
KLEINER L. Krawcy Tailor
KNOPF Ch. Galanterja Haberdashery
                 Chaim KNOPF?.
KNOPF S. Galanterja Haberdashery
KNOPF R. Krawcy Tailor
KNOPF A. Rzeznicy Butcher
                   Abraham KNOPF?
                   Aron KNOPF?
KOENIG N. Blawaty Fabrics
KOENIG J. Kaszornie
                  Jakob KOENIG?
KOENIG M. Rolnicze narzedzia. Agricultural tools
KOENIG E. Zelazo Iron
                  Pages of Testimony for Eliasz Elijahu KOENIG, an iron  merchant , and his
                  wife Fradel BUCHMAN.
KONIG   Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
KORB R. Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
                 Could this be Rachel KORB nee ROSENBACH, the wife of Dawid Hersch KORB?
KORMANN N. Krawcy Tailor
                 A Page of Testimony was submitted by M. Lerer for Natan KORMANN, tailor, a                                  widower. Who had he married and when did she die?
KORNAGA M. Bednarze Cooper
KOSLOWSKI St. Apteki Pharmist
KOSTRYNSKA St. Akuszerki Midwife
KOZLOWSKI S. Drogerje Drugstore
KRAMERMAN G. Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
                     This is probably Gerschon Gerszon  KRAMMERMAN who died in 1932.
                     He had been  married to  Pesia nee BRYNER, who had died in 1915.
                     http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/09/if-you-are-descendant-of-gerszon-and.html
KRAMERMANN J. Rozne towary General store
                     This may be Jakob Aron KRAMERMAN , married to Rachel.
                     They are listed on Pages of Testimony.
KRAMERMANN L. Rozne towary General store
                     This may be Leibusch KRAMERMAN, married to Milka.
                     There are Pages of Testimony  for Leibusch, but none for Milka.
KRUCZEK Sz.  Dr. Lekarze MD
KUPFERSCHMIDT Ch. Woda sodowa - fabr. Soda water factory
                     M. Lerer submitted Pages of Testimony for Chaim Wolf KUPFERSCHMIDT
                     and his wife Nesza nee IZRAEL.
KUPIERSCHMIEDT Ch. Mosietnicy
                    M. Lerer submitted Pages of Testimony for Chaim Wolf KUPFERSCHMIDT
                    and his wife Nesza nee IZRAEL.
KUTSCHER E. Krawcy Tailor
                     M. Lerer submitted Pages of Testimony for Efraim and Keile Kajla KUTSCHER
                     Efraim is listed as a tailor.
KUTSCHER J. Krawcy Tailor
                      A relative submitted Pages of Testimony for Josef KUTSCHER, a tailor,
                      and his wife  Pepi nee KLIPEL. This family lived in Krakow before the war.
LANGER S. Rozne towary General store
LEMLER A. Krawcy Tailor
LEMPEL M. Rozne towary General store
                      Majer LEMPEL?
                      Moses LEMPEL?
                      Malka LEMPEL?
LISOWSKI J Bednarze Cooper
LOBHEIT M. Galanterja Haberdashery
                      The widow Marjem LOBHEIT is listed on a Page of Testimony
                       submitted by M. Lerer.
                       She had been married to Chaim Leib LOBHEIT who died in 1929.
                       According to the death registry.  Marjem LOBHEIT nee HASS,
                      died in 1931, 65 years  old.  My understanding of this is that
                      M. Lerer knew the husband had died, but did not know that
                      Marjem LOBHEIT had died.
LESZCZYNSKI Zygmunt Dr. Dyrekt. Szpital poeszech Hospital director
MAJERAN Ch. Galanterja Haberdashery
                    Possibly Chiel MAJERAN.
MAJERAN A. Rozne towary General store
MALACKI J. Ciesle Carpenter
MARKIEWICZ M. Kowale Blacksmith
MAZURKIEWICZ L. Wedliny Meat
MAZURKIEWICZ H. Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
MEDER K. Nierogacizna - eksport Swines - export
MEDER L. Nierogacizna - handel Swines -commerce
MEDER W. Nierogacizna - handel Swines - commerce
MEDER F. Piwo Beer
MEDER L. Piwo Beer
MEDER Fr. Wedliny Meat
MEISTER S. Krawcy Tailor
              Could this be Selig MEISTER? There are no Pages of Testimony for him,
              so hopefully he and his family emigrated in time.
MELLER S. Galanterja Haberdashery
MICHALSKI P. Pogrzebowe przedsiebiors Funeral undertaker
MOHR Ign. Dr. Adwokat Lawyer
             Ignacy MOHR died in 1934 at the age of  59.
MOND S. Rozne towary General store
             Szprinze MOND? She had been married to Mendel MOND who had died in 1916.
             She herself died in Dec 1940 and has a gravestone.
http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/05/row-30-grave-28-sprinca-mond-nee.html
MONDSCHEIN S. Mydlo Soap
MUDRECKI Sz. Restauracje Restaurant
MUDRECKI Sz. Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
MUELLER M. Shory Leather
NADEL J. Rozne towary General store
                This may be Jakob NADEL listed as a merchant on the Page of Testimony
                submitted by  M. Lerer..
NUSSBAUM M. Rozne towary General store
               This may be Moses Hersz NUSSBAUM who was married to Priwe nee BELZ.


Lubaczow Business directory 1929, G - J

GABEL J. Kaszarnie
                Kosha Pakman thinks this might be Jakob GABEL, the brother of Kosha's
               grandfather  Abraham GABEL.
               Jakob GABEL was murdered in March 1942.
               The GABEL family was grain merchamts, trading in grain between
               Poland, the Ukraina and Russia.
GABEL A. Rolnicze art. Agricultural supplies
                Kosha Pakman wrote this may be Abraham GABEL who died in 1933
                at the age of 70, but it could possibly be Kosha's grandfather who
                was 33 years old in 1929.
                He knows the GABEL family also were selling agricultural supplies.
                The grave of Abraham GABEL who died in 1933:
                http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/02/row-2-grave-15-abraham-gabel.html
GABEL A. Rozne towary General store
                 Could this be Abraham GABEL who died in 1933 at the age of 70?
                The grave of Abraham GABEL who died in 1933:
                http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/02/row-2-grave-15-abraham-gabel.html 
GABEL O. Szewzy Shoemaker
                      This is probably Ozjasz GABEL who had a shoe shop, according to
                      Page of Testimony  submitted by M. Lerer.
GACZOL I. Wedliny Meat
GAERTNER E. Zboze Grain
                    Could this be Elias GÄRTNER who died at the age of 60 in 1934?
GAMS F. Rozne towary General store
GAMS J. Rozne towary General store
GERSTENFELD R. Hotele Hotels
GERTEL J. Zboze Grain
GLEICH E. Dr. Adwokat Lawyer
GOLUCHOWSKI hr. A Mlyny Miller
GOLUCHOWSKI hr. Agenor Tartaki Sawmill
GORECKI Fr. Szewzy Shoemaker
GOTLIEB Ch. L. Blacharze
                        Could this be Chaim Leib GOTTLIEB who died in  1934, 91 years old?
GOTLIEB O. Blacharze
                       Is this the tinsmith Osias GOTLIEB, who M. Lerer submitted a Page
                       of Testimony for?
GOTLIEB J. Ksiegarnie Book store
GOTLIEB S. Rozne towary General store
                        Could this be Scheindla GOTTLIEB who died in 1938, 69 years old?
GOTTLIEB H. Blawaty Fabrics
GOTTLIEB R. Olejarnio Oils
GRAFF D. Shory Leather
                  M. Lerer submitted a Page of Testimony for Dawid GRAF, a leather merchant,
                 married to Rachel/
GROSSMAN H. Blawaty Fabrics
GROSSMAN H. Piekarnie Baker
GRUSZKIEWICZ Oo. Olejarnio Oils
HAAS O. Rozne towary General store
HALPERN B. Kuchezine naczynia Kitchen articles
HALPERN O. Rozne towary General store
HALPERN D. Shory Leather
HANDWERKER M. Dachowki - fabr. Roofs - factory
HANDWERKER D. Wina Vines
HASS A. Introligatorzy Bookbinder
                  Abraham HASS?
HELLER Ch. Blawaty Fabrics
                        Theory: Chaim HELLER died in 1921, 68 years old.
                        His wife Feiga HELLER nee KATZ died in 1930, age 75.
                        Could Feiga (and their children?) have continued the business after 1921?
HERCBERG B. Kieski swierzece
HERCBERG M. Mleczarskie saklady Milk shop
HERZBERG A. Blawaty Fabrics
                       Could this be Aharon HERZBERG, married to Frida  nee FEDER,
                      who are both listed  on Pages of Terstimony?
HERZBERG M. Hotele Hotels
HERZBERG E. Krawcy Tailor
                       This is probably Efroim HERZBERG, married to Chaja Sara.
                       He is listed on  several  Pages of Testimony.
HERZBERG A. Rozne towary General store
HERZBERG J. Rozne towary General store
                       Could this be Josef HERZBERG, a merchant, married to Gitel,
                        both listed on Pages of  Testimony?
HERZBERG S. Woda sodowa - fabr. Soda water factory
HERZBERG E. Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
HERZBERG J. Zelazo Iron
HERZBERG S. Rozne towary General store
HIRSCHEL L. Krawcy Tailor
HOFFMAN I. Krawcy Tailor
                    Izak HOFFMAN?
INGLOT Wlad. Komendant Strat ogniowa Policemaster
JAKUBCZAK Fr.   Dr. Lekarze MD
JAMNICKI J. Bednarze Cooper
JANKLEWICZ   Powrosnicy Ropemaker
JAWORSKI L. Ogrodnicze zaklady Garden shop

Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Lubaczow Business Directory 1929, D - F

DOMINITZ S. Rolnicze art. Agricultural articles
                     Could this be Samuel DOMINITZ, born in Radymno, married to Reisel                                                SILBERSTEIN? They and their children Chaim, Fryda and Moses are
                     listed on Pages of Testimony as Holocaust victims.
DOMINITZ S. Zboze Grain
                     Could this be Samuel DOMINITZ, born in Radymno, married to Reisel                                                SILBERSTEIN? They and their children Chaim, Fryda and Moses are
                     listed on Pages of Testimony as Holocaust victims.
DONNER R. Krawcy Tailor
DORNER H. Wegiel Coal
                     This is probably Hersch DORNER married to Keila ADLER. They and
                     two of their sons - Natan and Moses - are listed on Pages of Testimony.
DRAHOJOWSKA hr. M. Mlyny Miller
DRUCK J. Rozne towary General store
DRUCK D. Shory Leather
                   This is probably Dawid DRUCK who was married to Dwojra.
                    M. Lerer has written Pages of Testimony for them.
                    What happened to their children born in the 1920's and 1930's?
DRUCKER F. Piekarnie Baker
                     This is probably Feiwel  (Shraga) DRUCKER, a baker,  who was
                     married to Syma nee DONNER. Syma sadly died in 1915.
                     When Feiwel was murdered in Holocaust he was listed on the Page of
                     Testimony as a widower.
EGERT I. Dachowki - fabr. Roofs - factory
EGERT I. Malarze Painter
                   There was a painter named Wolf EGERT listed as a Holocaust victim.
                   Could this have been his son Izaak EGERT, and could Izaak and
                    his wife and children  have escaped as they are not listed on Pages of Testimony?
EISENSTEIN L. Zelazo Iron
                    Could this have been Leser Lipa EISENSTEIN , married to Eidel?
                   They are listed by  M. Lerer on Pages of Testimony. What happened to their children?
ENGELHARD Spirytucija Alcohol
FALIK F. Tokarze Machinist(?)
FALIK N. Zegarmistrze Watchmaker
                   According to a Page of Testimony submitted by his son Kopel Falik,
                   Nechemia FALIK  was a watchmaker and was murdered in Holocaust.
FELDSTEIN W. Rozne towary General store
                   This is probably Wolf FELDSTEIN, who had a general store.
                   He was married to Pesia nee  STEINBRUCH. According to the Page of Testimony                             submitted by M. Lerer for Wolf  FELDSTEIN, he was a widower. I have not found a death                    record for his wife Pesia.
FISCHBEIN A.  Dr. Adwokat Lawyer
FISCHLER K. Rozne towary General store
FISCHMAN M. Piwo Beer
                     This may be Moses Fischman.
FLEISCHER S. Rozne towary General store
                      Could this be Salamon FLEISCHER , son of Dawid FLEISCHER,
                      both originally from  Narol?
FRAENKEL O. Frysjersy Barber/Hairdresser
                      Oskar FRENKEL was a hairdresser and there is a Page of Testimony
                      for him, submitted  by M. Lerer
FRAENKEL Ch. Rozne towary General store
                      It is likely that this is Chaim FRENKEL, with a Page of Testimony
                      submitted by  M.Lerer.
FRAENKEL M. Rozne towary General store
                      This may be Moses Fraenkel who was married to Syma.
FRAENKEL Sz. Rozne towary General store
FRAENKEL S. Rozne towary General store
FRENKEL E. Akuszerki Midwife
FRIEDMANN M. Drozdze Yeast
FUCHS M. Rozne towary General store
FUCHS L. Szewzy Shoemaker

Lubaczow Business Directory 1929, A - C

The following is the first part of a transcribed list I once did of the Lubaczow Business Directory from 1929.
It includes both Jews and non-Jews. I have kept all the names.

As this is a list from 1929, I wanted to check
1. if any of the Jews who died between 1929 and the end of 1938 are on this list
2. if any of the Jews are listed on Pages of Testimony as Holocaust victims

ADLER M. Budowjane materjale Building Material
                 Could this have been Mendel ADLER who died in 1933, 74 years old?
ADLER D. S. Kuchezine naczynia Kitchen articles
                 This is probably Dawid Samuel ADLER , married to Elka, listed on
                 several Pages of  Testimony. They had three children born in the 1920's and 1930's :
                 Moses, Juda Hersch and Mina.
ADLER M. Wyszynk trunkow Liquor store
                Could this have been Mendel ADLER who died in 1933, 74 years old?
AMSTER S. Zelazo Iron
ANGER K. Sluzarze
APFELDOERFER B. Blawaty Fabrics
                  This may be Berisch APFELDOERFER, married to Rachel nee
                   HERZBERG.
                  They are  listed on Pages of Testimony with  one of their two children
                   - Josef  APFELDOERFER  born in the late 1920's.
ARDAN Stefan Adwokat Lawyer
ARGASINSKA A. Akuszerki Midwife
ARGASINSKI J. Bednarze Cooper
ARGASINSKI M. Bednarze Cooper
ARGASINSKI A. Wedliny Meat
ASCHKENAZY Tartaki Sawmill
BANDYRS E. Dr. Lekarze weterynarji Veterinarian
BARD B. Galanterja Haberdashery
BARDACH I.  Dr. Adwokat Lawyer
BARDACH L. Geometrzy Land Surveyor
BEGLEITER H. Kuznierze
BERN P. Blawaty Fabrics
BIALOZORSKI P. Piekarnie Baker
BIALOZORSKI P. Murarze Bricklayer
BLANKENHAMER Piekarnie Baker
                Could this have been Joel BLANKENHAMER who died in 1938, 54 years old?
                M. Lerer listed him on a Page of Testimony. Could it be Lerer left Lubaczow
                before Joel BLANKENHAMER's  death in 1938?
BLOCKI Wladyslaw Starosta Staroste
BLUMENBERG A. Galanterja Haberdashery
                 Could this be Ajzik Blumenberg, married to Lea nee BRUNER?
                The couple had at least two daughters, Rachel and Malka, listed on Pages
                 of Testimony, like their parents.
BODENSTEIN S. Blawaty Fabrics
BOGNER J. Szklo I porcelana Glass and porcelene
                Could this be Jozef BOGNER who died in 1935, 52 years old?
                There is no Page of Testimony for him.
BELZ Fotograficsne zakl. Photo Studio
BRUNNER A. Drzewny przemysl Wood industry
                        Aba Abusz BRUNER was married to Schifra KREMERMAN.
                       They are listed on Pages of Testimony, as are their children Eliezer BRUNER
                        and Chania married HABER
BRUNNER A. Podklady kolejowe Railroad ties
                        Aba Abusz BRUNER was married to Schifra KREMERMAN.
                       They are listed on Pages of Testimony, as are their children Eliezer BRUNER
                        and Chania married HABER
BRUNNER J. Rozne towary General store
                        Could this be Jakob BRUNER, married to Gitel nee MAUTNER?
                       They and their  children  Henia,  Mendel, Reizel and Feiga are listed on
                       Pages of Testimony
BUCHHOLZ M. Rozne towary General store
BUECHNER E. Geometrzy Land Surveyor
CIEZLINSKI J. Koszykarze
CIZOWSKI J. Bednarze Cooper
CZECHOWICZ Robert Notarjusze Notary
CZUWALA J. Spirytus - roziewnie Bottling of alcohol

Saturday, July 16, 2016

What to do when circumstances change?

One of the couples who lived in Lubaczow before World War One, was Baruch  / Boruch Uszer BACH and his wife Chaja BACH. Baruch was born around 1860 and Chaja around 1866.

Baruch BACH was the son of Moses and Laja BACH.

We know of at least four children:
1. The son Josef BACH was born around 1883.
2. The son Max Moses BACH born in 1890 in Lubaczow
3. The  daughter Frieda BACH born ca 1895 in Lubaczow.
4. The  daughter Rachel BACH, born around 1904 in Lubaczow. 

In 1899 there was a big fire in Lubaczow, destroying much of the center of the town. After this, emigration increased, mostly to the United States.


In 1910 Moses BACH traveled from Berlin to Hamburg and then to New York. He was 20 years old, and according to the records he had already been in the States a few years earlier.  Though he came from Berlin, he lists his father Baruch BACH in Lubaczow as the person he has left behind. For some reason, his name has a line over it in the manifest. Did he have problems getting into the States? 


In the States Moses BACH became  Max BACH.


In 1913 Frieda BACH traveled from Lubaczow to New York, listing that she has left her father Baruch BACH in Lubaczow and that she is going to her brother Max BACH in New York. She  was 18 years old at the time.


On August 13th 1915 Boruch Uszer BACH died in Lubaczow. He was 55 years old.  
Later that month, his son Josef BACH, 32, died.
So far we have not located these two graves.


Left in Lubaczow were Chaja the widow,  51 years old, and the youngest daughter Rachel, only 11 years old.
The two children  who had emigrated before the war to the States, Max and Frieda, were now 25 and 20.


During World War One  immigration to the States more or less stopped.


In 1921, six years after the death of Baruch BACH, his widow Chaja and his daughter Rachel traveled from Lubaczow to New York to join Max and Frieda BACH, leaving behind the family graves of Baruch and Leib BACH. 

Thursday, June 9, 2016

Who was Leib FISCHLER who died in 1920?

This blogpost is the result of an email from Yaffa VERED nee FISCHLER in Israel, the granddaughter of Leib FISCHLER.

In the Lubaczow Death Registry we read that Leib FISCHLER, 60 years old, either born in or coming from Niemirow, the son of Samuel and Chinka FISCHLER, died in 1920.

Leib is not a Biblical name, but a kinnui, a nickname.
Alexander Beider in his “A Dictionary of Ashkenazic Given Names” writes 
“ In recent centuries, Leyb, its variants and derived forms were used as kinnuim mainly for Judah and Arieh, but sometimes for Moses too”.
The name Chinka was also new to me. According to Beider it comes from  Khane (Chana , חנה). It could be both Chinke and Chinka.

Examining FISCHLER in the Lubaczow Yizkor list, gave the following names:

FISZLER/FISCHLER Yehuda, Kreinze, Schmuel, Rachel, Shimon, Reize and family

Based on the format of the Yizkor list this might mean that a couple named Yehuda and Kreinze FISCHLER/FISZLER were the parents (or grandparents?) of Schmuel/Szmuel/Samuel, Rachel/Rachela, Shimon/Szymon/Simon and Reize (Rosa?) FISCHLER/FISZLER.

Looking at the Pages of Testimony, there is no Page of Testimony for Yehuda/Juda FISCHLER.

There are two Pages for Kreindl /Kreinze FISCHLER.
1. Community member Mendel LEHRER wrote in 1957 that Krajce FISZLER was a widow, had a grocery store, was the widow of Yehuda FISZLER and had four children. He listed her as being 63 when he assumed she was murdered at Belzec in 1942, which means she would have been born around 1879.

2. Her son Noach FISZLER wrote in 1956 that Krajndla FISZLER, the daughter of Aharon Tovia and Rachel (no family name for the parents), was born in Lubaczow in 1880, a housewife, married and the mother of four.

Noach FISZLER wrote an additional two Pages, one for his brother Szmul FISZLER  and one for his brother-in-law Szymon KACBACH.
Szmul Samuel  FISZLER / FISCHLER was born 1898 in Niemirow (now Nyemiruv, Ukraine) , married to Tova/ Tauba nee TEMER and they had four daughters. The family lived in Lubaczow.
Szymon KACBACH / KATZBACH , born 1901 in Chrzanow, was married to Noach’s sister Rachel, and they had three children. The family lived in Lubaczow.

The fact that Mendel Lehrer wrote that Krajce FISZLER was a widow, and the fact that Noach FISZLER did not write a Page of Testimony for his father, brings me to the possibility that Noach’s father Yehuda Juda FISZLER may be Leib FISCHLER who died in 1920.

To strengthen this theory, comes the death of a baby boy in 1933. Little Leib  KATZBACH, only seven weeks old, died in the autumn of 1933. His parents were Szymon KACBACH / KATZBACH and Rachel nee FISZLER / FISCHLER.
Baby Leib KATZBACH  could have been named after his maternal grandfather who had died in 1920. 
Szymon and Rachel KATZBACH / KACBACH also had another son, Aron, born in 1934, who died in 1935. The three children mentioned on the Page of Testimony were probably those alive when the Holocaust started.

Unfortunately I have not been able to locate the grave of Leib FISCHLER/FISZLER who died in 1920. Perhaps in the future this will be possible.

We should probably look for a grave dated TEVET, SHVAT or ADAR 5680
טבת, שבט או אדר תר"פ
The name of the deceased could be
 יהודה בן שמואל
אריה בן שמואל
יהודה לייב בן שמואל

Hopefully  his granddaughter and other descendants in Israel will one day be able to visit his grave. 

Additional information from Yaffa VERED:
Leib FISCHLER was married twice. First to a woman named Necha Neti. Together they had several children. Six weeks after the birth of their son Moses / Moshe FISCHLER, Necha Neti died.
After this, Leib married Kreindl, Necha Neti's sister. Leib and Kreindl then had children together.
Necha and Kreindl were sisters. Their maiden name may have been FISCHLER, though this is not documented, and we do not know the names of their parents.

More information about two of Leib FISCHLER's sons.
1. Zvi Hirsch FISCHLER managed to escape to Eretz Israel just before the war.
2. Moshe FISCHLER left Lubaczow for Vienna in 1915 and then moved to Berlin. There he married. His daughter Ida was born in 1927 in Berlin and his son Juda Leo was born in 1935. For those who understand Hebrew you can listen to Ida's testimony at Yad Vashem by doing a Google search for "Ida Fischler Berlin"



Last, just a guess:
Yaffa VERED never heard that her FISCHLER family was Levites, but believe they were Israel. Despite this, I believe it is worth checking the following gravestone closer:
http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/03/row-26-grave-14-group-six-yehuda.html

Friday, May 20, 2016

Bogdan Lisze has photographed the cemetery from the building of the high school

 
  

             


                                               


                                               


Dziękuję, Bogdan!
!תודה רבה, בוגדן





Saturday, April 23, 2016

The KUDLER family

According to the Lubaczow death register Mendel ( Menachem) KUDLER died on April 30th 1921. He was only 35 years old and the son of Moses Chanoch and Judes KUDLER. His son Dawid wrote in a testimony that his father died of typhus while travelling to buy horses for the farm.

He had been married to Bronia Bronislawa nee HAUSER and together they had five children. They lived in Baznia Dolna. Their youngest child was Dawid Saul KUDLER  born April 20th 1920 in Baznia Dolna.

The location of Mendel KUDLER's grave is not certain.

After Mendel died, Bronislawa Bronia married Mieczyslaw HUETNER (HITNER?) and the family lived on a farm in Rozborz, close to Jaroslaw.

Two of the children, a son and a daughter, managed to emigrate to Eretz Israel before the war.

The three other children - Irena, Mieczyslaw and Dawid - were studying and working in Krakow, and the mother and stepfather were living at the farm in Rozborz. 

After the war broke out, the children returned to their mother, as their stepfather, an officer, had already been called to the Polish Army.

Later Dawid KUDLER moved back to Krakow where he worked as a painter for a German firm. He continued to work there even after March 1943 when he had to live in the ghetto in Podgorze. 

Later he was transferred to the Plaszow ghetto and  then towards the end of 1943 to Czestochowa, working as a painter, and then to Buchenwald. In March 1945 he and the other prisoners were transferred to Bergen Belsen where he was liberated by the British on his birthday  April 20th 1945.

His mother Bronia, his stepfather Mieczyslaw HUETNER (HITNER?,  his brother Mieczyslaw KUDLER  and sister Irena KUDLER  were all murdered in Holocaust.

On June 26th 1946 Dawid KUDLER arrived in Haifa.

His brother Arie, affectionately called Lonek, was born in Jaroslaw in 1916 and had managed to emigrate to Eretz Israel in the 1930's. On May 25th 1948, following the foundation of the State of Israel, he was drafted into the Israeli Army. He fell in battle on July 30th 1948 and was first buried at Mishmar Haemek and in 1950 reburied at the military cemetery at Nachalat Yitzchak in Tel Aviv.

Dawid Kudler married, had children.  He gave a testimony in Hebrew back in 2004. I have extracted most of the information here.
http://ffather.blogspot.no/2007/08/blog-post_2728.html

Dawid Kudler died on April 20th 2014, on his 94th birthday, according to  a death notice on the internet.
ת.נ.צ.ב.ה.




Thursday, March 31, 2016

October 6th 1915

We already know that a large number of the Jews in Lubaczow died in the year of 1915.
One of the dates that stand out in this tragic connection is October 6th 1915.
Why are so many persons listed in the death register on this particular day?
Was it part of the warfare or was there some epidemic?  I do not know.

One of those listed here, Arje PRICKER, is listed as a Russian soldier - so we understand he was a Russian Jewish soldier.

Here is the list , not always with all the data

APISDORF               Chaja                        55y
BAUMÖHL
BAUMÖHL               Isak Josef                   1y

BEGLEIBTER           Feiga                         60y
BOGNER                 Perla                         35y
DRUK                     Syma                        60y
DRUK                     Leib                          45y
DRUK                     Małka                        70y
FALIK                     Laja                          80y
FISCHLER               Mirla                         70y
FORST                    Leib                         35y
FRÄNKEL                 Moses                     14y
FRÄNKEL                Elaser                      78y
FRÄNKEL                                                18y
FRÄNKEL                Isak                          6y
GABEL                    Rifka                         75y
GÄRTEL                  Laja                          60y
HALPERN                Moses  Samson          3m
HASS                     Feiga                        65y
HERZBERG              Dawid                     35y
HIRSCHEL               Cywia                      68y
KAMERMAN             Syma                      75y
KATZ                      Ire                          60y
KIRSCHENBAUM      Hersch Kune            80y
KIRSCHENBAUM      Udla                       75y
KLAPER                  Chajem Majer         70y
KLAPPER                 Lieba                     70y
KORN                     Isak                       60y
LANGER                  Isser                     30y
MAJER                    Rachla                  35y
MAJER                    Sprinca                 80y
MAJERAN                Samuel Dawid       70y
MELER                    Rifka                     35y
MOND                    Chaja Tauba          90y
MOSEL                   Pesza                    45y
MÜLLER                  Efroim                 70y
NUSSBAUM                                       70y        
PRICKER                 Arje
REISLER                 Feiga                    65y
REISLER                 Leib                      65y
ROTTER                  Chajem Majer       50y
SALZBERG              Chaja                   65y
SAUERBRUN           Markus                60y
SCHNEK                 Salomon Leib      45y
SCHÄCHTER           Simszon             95y
SPINDEL                Paja                    68y
STRASBERG           Ita Keiła            60y
TEMER                   Josef Leib          70y
WALDER                Scheindla           2y
WEITZENBLUTH                             65y
ZIEGELHEIM          Chaja                 65y
ZIEGELHEIM          Nesza                75y
NN                        Pesze Lieba        70y

















Friday, March 25, 2016

World War One: Battles around Lubaczow in the summer of 1915. Diseases

The year 1915 became an extreme year in Lubaczow.

230 deaths were registered that year  -  a huge number considering a Jewish population of perhaps 1700.

Looking at the list of those who died in Lubaczow in 1915, it is likely that the fighting between the Germans and the Russians in this area took its toll on the civilian population


From  the 1929 Swedish Encyclopedia ( Nordisk Familjebok) :
"During the World War the 11th German Army (von Mackensen) broke through the stronghold of the Russians between Lubaczow and Jaworow on June 12th to June 15th 1915."

In the book Almanac of World War I by David F. Burg, L. Edward Purcell you should read the description for June 13th 1915 to get an impression of the violent battles in this part of Galicja. I did a simple Google search for "Lubaczow 1915" and could read the relevant passage on Google books.

"רחל בת אפרים "מתה בעת מלחמה מן כלי תותח
Rachel daughter of Efraim "died during the war of a rocket"




But how many of the 230 persons died of  some kind of epidemic disease? We do not know. 

This is a select list of graves from 1915.

We must remember that children usually did not get any gravestones. Around a third of those who died were 16 years old or younger.

As none of these graves have the family name inscribed, a definite identification  must be taken very carefully.
DATE OF DEATH
NAME OF DECEASED
NAME OF FATHER
NOTES




May 24th 1915
Malka
Malka HOFFMAN married BLEICH
38 years old
Shmuel HaKohen
Samuel HOFFMAN
Row 2, Grave 67

May 31st 1915
Simcha  Benjamin
Benjamin GABEL 
80 years old
……..
Jakob GABEL
Row 9, Grave 8



July 4th 1915
Aharon Zeindel 
Aron Sindel KNOPF
60 years old
Shabtai Yehushua
Szabsa KNOPF
Row 4, Grave 36





July 15th  1915
Fishel Meir 
Fischel SCHNEIDER
50 years old
Josef HaLevi
Josef SCHNEIDER
Row 18, Grave 53

July 15th 1915
Sara Keila 
Sara GLANZBERG nee REICH
38 years old
Yaakov Shlomo
Salamon REICH
Row 18, Grave 52
July 15th 1915
Malka Pesha 
Malka Pesza ROSENBACH nee SCHIKLER
50 years old
Shraga HaLevi
Feibusz Lewi SCHIKLER
Row 14, Grave 3





July 16th 1915
Avraham 
Abraham HERZBERG 
45 years old
……..
Rachmiel HERZBERG
Row 3, Grave 20

(July 20th 1915?)
Chana Dvora 
Chana Dwojra HERZBERG nee TENZER
35 years old
…….
Pinkas TENZER
Row 18, Grave 47

July 18th 1915
Moshe 
Moses Lipa  ENTENBERG
30 years old
Elazar?
Eliasz ENTENBERG
Row 19, Grave 44
July 20th 1915
Gitel
Gitla ZIEGELHEIM nee KATZ
60 years old
Aharon David
Dawid KATZ
Row18, Grave 46





July 20th 1915
Zalman Josef Selman GEMS 
40 years old
Mordechai Arie
Markus GEMS
Row 19, Grave 52

July 23rd 1915
Yitzchak 
Izak KORMAN
58 years old
Moshe Josef
Moses Josef KORMAN
Row 20, Grave 43





Aug 1st  1915
Simcha 
Simche ROSENBACH
17 years old
Natan
Natan ROSENBACH
Row 20, Grave 49

Aug 1st 1915
Pesha 
Pesia KRAEMMERMAN nee BRYNER
38 years old
Shlomo
Salamon BRYNER
Row 20, Grave 49
August 10th 1915
Moshe David 
Moses Dawid LEHRER
80 years old
Efraim Fishel
Fischel LEHRER
Row 11, Grave 6




Dec 13th 1915
Chaia 
Chaja APISDORF nee STEINBROCH 
55 years old
Yaakov
Jakob STEINBROCH
Row 13, Grave 3


Moshe David LEHRER , 80 years old, son of Fischel LEHRER,  died on August 10th 1915.


Selman GEMS, son of Markus GEMS, died on July 20th 1915.


Here is a list of family names of those who died in 1915, taken from the civilian death register:
ABEND
APISDORF
ARAK
BACH
BART
BAUMÖHL
BEER
BEGLEIBTER
BENDELMAN
BIENENFELD
BIENENSTEIN
BLANK
BOGNER
BRAND
BRÜNER
BÄCKER
DORNER
DRUK
DRUKER
ENTENBERG
FALIK
FELL
FISCHLER
FISCHMAN
FLIESSER
FORST
FRIEDMAN
FRÄNKEL
FUCHS
GABEL
GARFINKEL
GELBER
GEMS
GLANZBERG
GOTTLIEB
GROSSMAN
GRUNWALD
GRÜNROK
GÄRTEL
GÄRTNER
HALPERN
HAMER
HAS
HASS
HERZBERG
HIRSCHEL
HOFFMAN
HOLZ
IGEL
JUNIUS
KALCHMAN
KAMERMAN
KATZ
KAUFMAN
KELCZ
KIRSCHENBAUM
KLAPER
KLAPPER
KNOPF
KORMAN
KORN
KRAUT
KRESEN
KRUG
KRÄMERMAN
KÖNIG
LANGER
LEFLER
LEHRER
LEMPEL
LICHTER
MAGER
MAJER
MAJERAN
MAUTNER
MEILER
MELER
MELLER
MESSER
MOND
MOSEL
MÜLER
MÜLLER
NADEL
NUSSBAUM
PECH
POTASZNIK
PRICKER
REBENSAFT
REINFELD
REISLER
RETTIG
RICHTER
RISS
ROSENBACH
ROTTER
SALANDER
SALZBERG
SATLER
SAUER
SAUERBRUN
SCHIKLER
SCHMIDT
SCHMUKLER
SCHNEIDER
SCHNEK
SCHOR
SCHÄCHTER
SENZ
SILBERMAN
SPIELMAN
SPINDEL
STEINBERG
STELZER
STERN
STERNLICHT
STRASBERG
TEMER
TEMPELMAN
TEPPICH
TISSER
WACHSMAN
WALDER
WEINRAD
WEISER
WEISSBERG
WEITZENBLUTH
WIDMAN
WILZER
WURZEL
ZIEGELHEIM

ZIMERMAN