Sunday, August 30, 2015

If you are a descendant of the KAMER and / or the TEMER families

One of the most heartbreaking testimonies from the Holocaust in Lubaczow, is that of Feiga Sosia KAMER nee TEMER. Feiga, born 1906, was married to Benjamin KAMER and together they had at least two sons and a daughter. The daughter was around ten or eleven years old, when she was caught in 1943. She did not want to disclose  where her family was hiding, and was shot.
(ZICH  Testimony 301 /1174)

Three of her relatives  are in the death register and  it is possible that two of their graves have been located:

1. The little girl's paternal grandfather Hersch Leib KAMER ( ca 1875-1925)


2. The little girl's  paternal uncle Jakob Moses KAMER ( ca 1887 - 1935).
His grave is on ROW 3, GRAVE 1.
http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/03/row-3-grave-1-group-two-moses-bringer.html

3. The little girl's maternal grandfather Hersz TEMER ( ca 1875 - 1925) is probably buried on ROW 7, GRAVE 1.
http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/03/row-7-grave-1-hersz-temer.html

Friday, August 28, 2015

Are Salomon RAMRAS and his wife Syma Lea nee STIGLITZ buried in Lubaczow?

Probably around the year 2000  I talked on the phone to Shlomo MEHUDAR who then lived in Jerusalem.

Shlomo told me he was born in Lubaczow in 1928 to Rabbi Abraham MEHUDAR and Szprynca Scheindla nee RAMRAS. The family name had originally been MADER and they had done their Aliyah in 1933, when Shlomo Salomon was just five.


Szprynca Scheindla's parents were  Salomon RAMRAS and Syma Lea nee STIGLITZ. My guess is that this couple was born around 1845-1850.

it looks like Shlomo was named after his maternal grandfather Salomon RAMRAS, who, if this is true, must have died in 1928 or earlier. As he is not in the Lubaczow death register, there are two possibilities: he died somewhere else, or he died before Aug 1914.

Dointg a search on  Jewish Records Indexing-Poland, I then discovered that this couple had at least two more daughters in addition to Szprynca Scheindla:


1. Guetel Mirl married SCHMIDT had a daughter she named Sime Lea in 1898.

2. Niche  married  RAPPAPORT had a daughter she named Sime Leije in  1909.

From this, it seems Syma Lea RAMRAS nee STIGLITZ must have died before 1898.


Did Salomon RAMRAS die in Lubaczow before August 1914, and was he buried at this cemetery?

Did Syma Lea RAMRAS nee STIGLITZ die in Lubaczow before 1898 and was she buried at this cemetery?

If you are a descendant of the WIDMAN family

Two graves with the WIDMAN family name have been located.

Josef WIDMAN (ca 1863 - 1936) , son of Eliasz and Gitla WIDMAN, married to Beila Pesla, father of Gitla SCHWARZ nee WIDMAN ( ca 1892 - 1917)

http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/02/row-2-grave-2-josef-widman.html

Chaja WIDMAN nee WIDMAN ( ca 1879 -1927) daughter of Szaja Leib and Laja WIDMAN, was married to Hersch WIDMAN.
http://jewishcemeterylubaczow2015.blogspot.no/2015/03/row-25-grave-18-chaja-widman.html


It is possible that Hersch WIDMAN had been married to Ryfka nee ENGELBERG (ca 1880 - 1915) before his marriage to Chaja. Her grave has not been located.

The grave of Ryfka WIDMAN nee EHRMAN ( ca 1857 - 1927) has not been located. She was married to Chajem Majer WIDMAN. Their daughter Feiga WIDMAN married MESSER, was born around 1896 and died in 1922.


From an enquiry I received many years ago I now understand there was an additional WIDMAN family from Basnia Gorna:

Selig WIDMAN and his wife Basia nee RAUCH. Basia was born in 1882.

Selig and Basia had at least these two children:
Chaim Saul WIDMAN / RAUCH born 1912
Rachel Beila WIDMAN / RAUCH married  GUTTER born 1916


Basia WIDMAN, Chaim Saul WIDMAN, Rachel Beila GUTTER nee WIDMAN and her little daughter Paula GUTTER born ca 1938 in Krakow - what happened to them in the Holocaust? 


Tuesday, August 25, 2015

Looking for the graves of Samuel Nute LICHTER and his son Josef Moses LICHTER

After I met the Koenig family in Lubaczow in January 2014, M.E. wrote me and asked if I could locate the grave of a friend's greatgrandfather - Samuel Nute LICHTER who had died around 1913-1914.

There was a connection between the KOENIG and LICHTER families, so when the LICHTER family came for the Yahrzeit of Samuel Nute LICHTER , they would stay with the family of  Moshe KOENIG.

I was not able to locate this family grave back then, and I still have not found it.

Today, looking through old emails, I saw the request once more, and despite the assumed years of death (1913-1914) , decided to check the death register (August 1914 - December 1938).

There he was! 
Samuel Nute LICHTER, born ca 1860, son of Symcha and Fradla LICHTER, died on August 13th 1915 at the age of 55.
Looking further, I found that his son, Josef Moses LICHTER, born ca 1889, had died on January 2nd 1916.

Hopefully this information will enable us one day to locate their two graves.

October 28th 2016:
Following an email, I am adding  some more information about Samuel Nute and Feiga LICHTER's children. Based on Pages of Testimony submitted by Leo  Moses LICHTER in 1983, three of their children lived in Oswiecim before the war and were murdered in Holocaust

1. Jankel LICHTER was born in Lubaczow, married to Chaja, lived in Oswiecim

2. Rosa LICHTER was born in Lubaczow, married to Sindel ROKACH, lived in Oswiecim.

3. Naftule David LICHTER was born in Oswiecim, lived in Oswiecim, probably not married 

The Pages do not indicate their ages. My guess, based on father's age, is that they may have been born between 1885 and 1910. 
The Pages do not mention if Jankel and Rosa had any children in their marriages.

Leo Moses LICHTER also wrote Pages of Testimony for relatives born in Zolkiew. Could the roots of the LICHTER family have been in Zolkiew?

Zolkiew, Lubaczow, Oswiecim.

Monday, August 24, 2015

REINFELD - how are they connected?

One of the interesting aspects of the cemetery project is to see how the information – hopefully – will help solve family puzzles.


Daniel Reinfeld is trying to find out how the different branches of the Reinfeld family in Lubaczow are connected. His email address: dan@reinfeldlaw.com


If, from the death register (in black), we  try to figure out who were the oldest REINFELDs mentioned as fathers of those buried in Lubaczow, here is my list with approximate birth years. In red I have added information from  the scanned original documents I have found on Jewish Records Indexing- Poland, documents from Lviv, Przemysl and Drohobycz:

Leib REINFELD, born around 1815?, married to Hinda, parents of 
1. Wolf REINFELD ( ca 1840-1920) paternal grandparents to Joe H. REINFELD (1891 - 1958).
2. Rozia REINFELD mother of these two boys in Lviv / Lwow:
             Leibusz Hersz REINFELD born 1886
             Feiwel REINFELD born 1890. 
         This would imply that Leib REINFELD had died before  1886, and that his Hebrew     
          given names may have been Arie Zvi (or Yehuda Zvi?)

Nachman ( Samuel?)  REINFELD, born around 1820-1825?, married to Cyrla  Chana nee DRUCKER, parents  of 
1. Laja Ester married ROTTER and PFLANZER (ca 1840 -1928) married to Moses ROTTER and then to Berl PFLANZER.
2. Abraham REINFELD ,( ca 1848 - 1916), married to Cypra KUCZER (ca 1851 - 1932). 
3. Mojzesz Lipe REINFELD , born ca 1858, married Perla OBERHARD in 
Przemysl in 1897.
4. Chaja Malka OYWIN / OFFEN nee REINFELD, had the following children with her husband Osias OYWIN / OFFEN in the city of Lviv / Lwow:
            Rebeka born 1887
            Norbert Emil ( Nechemiasz Samuel) born 1889
            Cecilia (Cila) born 1891
            Maks (Moses) born 1893
            Emanuel born 1899
       This would imply that Nachman REINFELD had died before 1889, and that his          
       second given name was Samuel / Shmuel.


Could Leib and Nachman have been brothers?
Could  their father have been named Abraham and died before 1848?
Could Leib have had a son named Abraham born before his son Wolf was born in 1850?


Abraham Leib REINFELD, born ca 1835?, was married to Chaja Estera nee SCHIROK ( ca 1839- 1933). They were the parents of Szame Jakob REINFELD (ca 1868- 1932) who was married to Ita nee SCHWERT (ca 1868-1923).
Szame  Jakob and  Ita Rechla SCHWERT had at least  three children:
1. Moses REINFELD born 1896, married  Chaja Lea SPIELMAN in 1922.
2. The daughter Majta REINFELD born ca 1897, died in 1915.
3. Salamon REINFELD, born 1898, who in 1929 married Marjem KASSER, born 1906, as noted in the Jaroslaw vital records on Jewish Records Indexing - Poland.


Gerszon Gerschon REINFELD, born ca 1840?, married to Cluwa nee MALZ and parents of
1. Friedel REINFELD (ca 1863 - 1920). Friedel was married to Ryfka nee REINFELD.
2. Basia REINFELD / MALZ married to Jakob Mendel BAUM / WEISS, parents of the following children in Lwow / Lviv:
    Adela 1901 - 1901
    Gustaw  born 1902
    Joachim born 1903

Who were the fathers of  Abraham Leib REINFELD, married to Chaja Estera, and of Gerszon REINFELD, married to Cluwa?

An interesting possibility:
In Drohobycz, in 1871, died a man named Leib REINFELD. He was born around 1798. Add that information to the birth of a girl named Feiga REINFELD in 1877 in Drohobycz to Wolf REINFELD and Reisel MALTZ and the fact that the wife of Gerszon REINFELD was Cluwa nee MALZ . 
Could Wolf REINFELD have been married to Reisel MALTZ / MALZ before he married Nescha?
Is there a connection back to Drohobycz?


Earlier summaries. 

We have located these Reinfeld graves at the cemetery:


REINFELD Chaja Ester  (ca 1839 - 1933  )                 Row 5, Grave 8
   Still looking for the grave of her husband Abraham Leib REINFELD


REINFELD Ita Rechla Juta  ( ca 1878 - 1923)            Row 5, Grave 18       Still looking for the grave of her husband Schame  Jakob  
      REINFELD ( ca 1868 - 1932)


REINFELD married PFLANZER / FLANZER , Laja Ester  died 1928 

                                                                           Row 5, Grave 14  
    Still looking for the grave of her husband Berl PFLANZER

REINFELD Abraham Zvi  died 1916                         Row 24, Grave 45

REINFELD nee KUTSCHER Chaia Zipora Cypra died 1932  
                                                                          Row 1, Grave 48




Here is the list of deaths that Dan REINFELD has made . Those whose graves have been located are marked  in yellow.


YR of Death
SURNAME
First names
Age
SEX
Father's Given Name
Father's SURNAME
1915
REINFELD
Majta
18y
F
Szama Jakób
REINFELD
1915
ROTTER
Chajem Majer
50y
M
Moses
ROTTER
1916
REINFELD
Majta Hudes
2m
F
Salamon
REINFELD
1916
REINFELD
Abraham
68y
M
Nachman
REINFELD
1920
REINFELD
Wolf
80y
M
Leib
REINFELD
1920
REINFELD
Friedel
57y
M
Gerszon
REINFELD
1923
REINFELD
Ita Rechla
55y
F
Moses Jakob
SCHWERT
1924
REINFELD
Leib
3m
M
Moses
REINFELD
1928
SCHMUKLER
Laja
11m
F
Moses
SCHMUKLER
1928
PFLANZER
Laja Ester
88y
F
Nachman
REINFELD
1931
REINFELD
stillborn
F
Izak
REINFELD
1932
REINFELD
Schame Jakob
64y
M
Abraham Leib
REINFELD
1935
REINFELD
Abraham Leib
28y
M
Samuel
REINFELD
1933
REINFELD
Chaje Ester
94y
F
Moses
SCHIROK
1932
REINFELD
Cypra
81y
F
Aron Dawid
KUCZER




The oldest gravestone ( March 1728). The latest gravestone ( Dec 1940).

The oldest gravestone: Ita daughter of Yaakov / Jakob in March 1728

Imagine it is back in March 1728, and a woman named Ita has just been buried in this cemetery. It seems to be the first grave on this cemetery. 
Imagine a field, an open area, around the grave, purchased outside the little town by Jews living in Lubaczow. 

How old was Ita when she died?
Was she married? We don't know.
As this was nearly three hundred years ago, she probably did not have a family name.

Where did the family make the gravestone?
How long, after the funeral, was the gravestone put on her grave?

The text on the gravestone says, in Hebrew:


פ"נ
האשה 
'החשובה והצנ
'והחסודה מר
 יטה בת מהורר
יעקב שנפטרה 
והלכה לעולמה
ביום ו לחודש 
ניסן תפח לפק
תנצבה

(Pawel Sygowski and Andrzej Trzcinski: Zydzi Lubaczoescy i ich cementarz. Rocznik Lubaczowski Tom VIII. lUBACZOW 1998)


Latest grave:  Sprinca  MOND in Dec. 1940

Now imagine it is December 1940.  A woman named Sprinca MOND had died.

  • When the Second World War broke out in September 1939, Lubaczow was occupied for less than a month by the German Army. Then came the Soviet occupation, and by Dec 1940 Lubaczow has been under Soviet rule for around 15 months. The Soviet authorities did not look upon any religion as a positive part, so just having a Jewish burial at the cemetery must have been a challenge.


Those attending the funeral would have come from the street, walking along the cemetery walls Joe Reinfeld paid for back in 1930.



They would have entered through the main gate.




From where they buried Sprinca MOND, those who attended the funeral could look down on a fairly big open area inside the cemetery walls.


Where did the family find the resources to make a gravestone, after being occupied since September 1939?
Where was the gravestone made? 
How long did it take before the family could put the stone on her grave?

Here, on Row 30, Grave 28, is that gravestone in a series of photos taken on different occasions:












Here is my attempt to copy the text on this gravestone. 
Corrections are welcome. 
One such correction from Simon G.: The first  word in the fifth line is נזר
(crown). Thatmeans that this woman, among other descriptions, was "their crown of glory" . Thanks, Simon! 

שוכנת אשה כשרה
פאר לבניה היתה
רבה במידות ובמעשים
יקוננו עלי' הבנים
.....נזר תפארתם 
צנועה זכה וישרה
אשת חיל שמה לברכה
האשה היקרה מרת שפרינצא
במהר משה ארי ז"ל

תנצבה
שפרינצא מאנד


Friday, August 21, 2015

A list of KOHEN

Here comes a partial list of those buried in this cemetery who are KOHEN.


A KOHEN is a descendant of Aharon HaKohen, the first High Priest, and the brother of Moses. This brings us straight back to the time the Jews were leaving slavery in Ancient Egypt!

This status, passed from father to son since that time, has always been noted, both in the synagogue and during life events like when a boy is circumcised, when he has his Bar Mitzvah  when he gets married, when he is buried.
Imagine that status in the time the Temple in Jerusalem existed!


On gravestones the status of man who is a Kohen is very shown as a visual symbol - the hands in the symbolic Kohen blessing.

But the status is also written down in the text as “Israel, son of  Josef HaKohen”.
For religious purposes, men who are Kohen have and always had a special place in the Jewish community.


As far as I know, there are no special religious obligations of a daughter of a Kohen, but it must have had social importance, because the women are listed as “Scheindel daughter of David HaKohen”.


In this partial list, there are both men and women.


Given name of deceased

Father of deceased
Death date
Yahrzeit
Location of grave
Notes
Aharon David
Yaakov
April 25th 1895
Iyyar 1st

Row 5, Grave 47

Aharon Selig
Shmuel
………
Sh’vat 21st

Row 20, Grave 24

Avraham
Ben Shalom
Jan 24th 1866
Sh’vat 8th

Row 35, Grave  5

Avraham Avish
Abraham Abus
TURKIELTAUB
Israel Meszylem
TURKIELTAUB
July 3rd 1927
Tammuz 3rd

Row 5, Grave 1
Born ca 1883
Avraham Dov
Abraham SPIRA

Moshe Mendel
SPIRA
Sept 20th 1919
Elul 25th
Row 40, Grave 7
Born ca 1875
Bila Ester

Benjamin
1894
Row 7, Grave 44

Chaia
David
………….
Sh’vat 12th

Row 18, Grave 26

Chaim Laser
WEISS
Majer Hersch
WEISS

Nov 24th 1930
Kislev 4th
Row 1, Grave 53
Born ca 1871
Chana Rechil
Avraham
July 22nd 1903
Tammuz 7th

Rown4, Grave 43

Eliezer Shlomo
Leisor GRAF
Syna GRAF
June 14th 1918
Tammuz 4th

Row 8, Grave 3
Born ca 1840
Eliyahu
Elias KATZ
Szajma KATZ
June 24th 1938
Sivan 25th

Row 43, Grave 4
Born ca 1872
Ester Feiga
Avraham Joel
Prob. Feb 8th1894
Adar 2nd
Row 5, Grave 50

Ester Sara STEINBRUCH nee KATZ
Tobias Jakob KATZJuly 21st 1927
Tammuz 21st
Row 1, Grave 27
Born ca 1848
Feiga
Zeev

1899 or 1900
Row  7, Grave 50

Feiga HELLER nee
KATZ

Aron Samuel KATZ
March 6th 1930
Adar 6th
Row 1, Grave 39
Born ca 1855
 Rachel HOFFMAN
Samuel HOFFMAN
May 11th 1931
Iyyar 5th

Row 1, Grave 47
Born ca 1856
Gitel WEBER nee SATZ
Samuel SATZ
Jan 25th 1924
Sh’vat 19th

Row 5, Grave 16
Born ca 1897
Golda
Aharon
May 8th 1897
Iyyar 6th

Row 13, Grave 44

Hinda
Moshe
……….
Row  18, Grave 35


Hinda Lea TEICHER nee GRAF
Lesor GRAF
Sept 17th or 20th 1930
Tishri 25th or 28th

Row 29, Grave24
Born probably 1882-1892, (and not ca 1852!)
Hinda KATZ nee HALKES

Benzion HALKES
March 31st1936
Row 40, Grave 6
Born ca 1864
Israel KATZ
Josef KATZ
Sept 2nd 1936
Elul 15th

Row 2, Grave 4
Born ca 1869
Jonas KATZ
Abraham Joel KATZ
June 6th 1926
Sivan 24th
Row 5, Grave 2
Born ca 1854
Jochwet IGEL nee HOFMAN
Moses Leib HOFMANFeb 7th 1922Row 18, Grave 31Born ca 1848
Ita KATZ
Wolf KATZ
Aug 19th or 20th 1921
Av 16th or 17th
Row   , Grave 36
Born ca 1875




Ita BIENENFELD nee NN
Zvi Yehuda 
Sept 19th 1938
Elul 23rd

Row 30, Grave 21
Born ca 1875




Malka BLEICH nee HOFFMAN

Samuel HOFFMAN
May 24th 1915
Sivan 11th
Row 2, Grave 67
Born ca 1877
Malka
Shmuel
Sept 17th 1923
Tishri 7th
Row 5, Grave 17
Sister of  Gitel in Row 5, Grave 16?

Menachem(?)
Avraham Chaim
1881/1882
……..

Row 11, Grave 11
Brother of Joel KATZ ?
Mindel
Shmuel
April 5th 1882
Nisan 16th

Row 11, Grave 28

Miriam HOLZ nee ROTTER
Majer ROTTER
Prob. Aug 30th1924
Sivan 1st

Row 24 , Grave 22
Born ca 1848
Joel KATZ
Abraham Chaim KATZ
Jan 2nd 1917
Tevet 8th
Row 9, Grave 7
Born ca  1888. Brother of Menachem in Row 11, Grave 11 ?

Moshe Eliezer
Yehushua Natanel
Feb 8th 1906
Sh’vat 13th

Row 4, Grave 19

Rachel
Yehushua
June 8th 1939
Sivan 21st

Row 30, Grave 22

Rachel Lea
Zvi
Jan 6th 1900
Sh’vat 6th

Row 18, Grave 4

Rivka
Shmuel
…….
Tevet 20th

Row 2, Grave 30

Rivka
Meir

Kislev

Row 2, Grave 41






Shabtai Benjamin
Eliezer
Sept 6th 1883
Elul 4th

Row 11, Grave 25





Shmuel
Moshe Yehuda
Jan 1st 1904
Tevet 23rd

Row 5, Grave 23

Samuel SATZ
Neta Nathan
Natan SATZ
June 8th 1923
Sivan

Row 6, Grave 5
Born ca 1865
Uri
Yitzchak
………
Adar 22nd

Row 5, Grave 24

Yaakov Arie
Peretz
………
Adar 7th

Row 23, Grave 7

Yitzchak
……..
………
Adar 4th

Row 23, Grave  21

Yitzchak Zeev
Israel
Sh’vat 6th

Row 6, Grave 4

Wolf Leib KATZ
Symche KATZ
May/ June 1925
Sivan
Row 4, Grave 1
Born ca 1858
Hersz TEMER
Samuel TEMER
Jan 2nd 1925
Tevet 6th
Row 7, Grave 1
Born ca 1875

The discovery of the family names is a direct result of being able to check the Death Registry 1914-1938.

Corrections? Additions?