Sunday, June 30, 2019

YIZKOR list from 1954. Religious leaders mentioned.

The Yizkor List starts with the following text.

My own translation of this is:

The honest and pious
Zaddikim and Chassidim,
the men, women and children of the holy community
of the town Lubaczow in Eastern Galicia
May Their Souls Be Bound Up In The Bond Of Life
Merciful God in Heaven, grant
Perfect repose in the wings of the Schechina
of the holy and pure persons as the firmament
the skies will light
the souls of the illustrious and famous rabbis
great in Torah who served on the chair of the rabbinate
for many years in the holy community of Lubaczow:

Rabbi Shmuel-Nachum Nathansohn
Rabbi Yehoshua Heschel Teomim- Frenkel
Rabbi Yekutiel Schor
Rabbi Levi- Yitzchak Schor
Rabbi Bezalel Glanzberg Mu"Z ( Moreh Zedek)
Rabbi Issachar-Dov Rokach and Rabbi Shalom Rokach, descendants of the late Belzer rabbi.
When remembering these holy persons, we also remember those who died a natural death. May we never, with God's help, forget their names and memory.

Out of the  rabbis mentioned above, we know from Pages of Testimony submitted to Yad Vashem that two were murdered in the Holocaust:
Rabbi Levi-Yitzchak SCHOR and Rabbi Shalom ROKACH.

Possible leads for further research.

From JRI Poland, we learn that Simche/Symche NATHANSOHN, born 1871, from Lubaczow, son of Samuel and Pesie NATHANSOHN, married Siesel GOLDBERG in Stryj in 1898.

The wife of Rabbi Yehoshua Heschel TEOMIM-FRENKEL ,  Rebbetzin Beila, died in 1908 and is buried in this cemetery, but we have not located the rabbi's grave.

It is possible that Rabbi Yekutiel SCHOR is buried on Row 1, Grave 18, next to Moshe KOENIG. It is difficult to read the text on that particular gravestone. Hopefully a future visitor  will be able to verify if this is Rabbi Yekutiel SCHOR's grave.

The family name GLANZBERG  appears, so far, 

1. in the Lubaczow Yizkor list: 

    GLANZBERG, Leib, Eisig and family.

2. the death of Sara Keila GLANZBERG nee REICH, wife of Eisig GLANZBERG.

    She died in 1915 in Lubaczow at the age of 38. Born ca 1877.


3. In 1910, in Zborow, Israel Leibisch GLANZBERG,born 1884,(son of Zallel         GLANZBERG and Golda FRÄNKEL from Lubaczow) married Beile KAUFMANN,      born 1891, (daughter of Mendel and Reizel KAUFMANN).

4. In Uhnov in 1895 Riwka GLANZBERG  and her husband Uscher Sender              MARGULIES had twins, though only one twin survived - the daughter Beile.      Riwka GLANZBERG is listed as the daughter of Zallel and Golda                      GLANZBERG from Lubaczow.


The following graves in the cemetery, have connections to rabbis and rabbinical families:

YIZKOR list from 1954. An Introduction.

According to "Where Once We Walked," there were 1, 715 Jews in Lubaczow before the Holocaust.

I once translated a one-page Yizkor list for Lubaczow. The list, containing close to 860 persons, was finished in 1954, a project of the Israeli Lubaczower Landsmanschaft and its chairman, the late Uri Roth. The scribe who wrote the one-page list was the late Samuel S. Lieberman from Tel Aviv, originally from Cieszanow.

The list gives no indication of age or of internal family relationships ( parents, children, siblings, spouses ) of the victims. The words "and family" in the list seem to indicate there were additional family members whose names were forgotten or not known.

Because the names have been translated from Hebrew and the print in our copy was tiny, the spelling must be taken with much caution. Please send any corrections you can find to me: efloersheim (at)

My initial impression was that these names were the names of persons murdered in the Holocaust. Later I have understood that this is not always the case. 

1. Some of the religious leaders had died long before the Holocaust.

2. Some had died in the late thirties, even in the 1920's.

3. WWII broke out in September 1939. Some had died  between September 1939 and  December 1940, during the Soviet occupation.

Relatives who had managed to escape to Eretz Israel before the Holocaust and those Holocaust survivors who managed to get to Israel after the war, knew they had no possibility to go to Lubaczow to their family graves. There were of course no graves for those relatives who had been murdered in the Holocaust.

These members of the Israeli Lubaczower Landsmanschaft would get together and needed a way to commemorate their relatives without visiting the Lubaczow Jewish cemetery and without any graves for those murdered during the Holocaust.

I also believe they wanted to honor those religious leaders who had led and influenced their lives back in Lubaczow.

My theory today is that the Yizkor list composed in 1954 in Tel Aviv had three purposes,:
1. to give at least some of the relatives in Israel a symbolic way of commemorating their deceased family members buried in Lubaczow.
2. to honor the religious leaders  they had back in Lubaczow
3. to commemorate their murdered relatives and friends. This may have been the main purpose.